New Scientist Enigma 500 – Child’s Play
by Keith Austin
From Issue #1652, 18th February 1989
The children at the village school have a number game they play. A child begins by writing a list of numbers across the page, with Just one condition, that no number in the list may be bigger than the number of numbers in the list. The rest of the game involves writing a second list of numbers underneath the first; this is done in the following way. Look at the ﬁrst number, that is, the left-hand end one, as we always count from the left. Say it is 6, then ﬁnd the sixth number in the list – counting from the left – and write that number in the first place in the second row – so it will go below the 6. Repeat for the second number in the list and so on. In the following example, the top row was written down, and then playing the game gave the bottom row:
6, 2, 2, 7, 1, 4, 10, 8, 4, 2, 1
4, 2, 2, 10, 6, 7, 2, 8, 7, 2. 6
The girls in the school use the game to decide which boys are their sweethearts. For example, Ann chose the list of numbers:
2, 3, 1, 5, 6, 4
For a boy to become Ann’s sweetheart he has to write down a list of numbers, play the game, and end with Ann’s list on the bottom row.
Bea chose the list.
2, 3, 2, 1, 2
and Cath the list,
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 1, 2, 5, 7, 3, 6, 9
Find all the lists, if any, which enable a boy to become the sweetheart of Ann, of Bea, and of Cath